Butterfly Effect: Reality or Myth?

The Butterfly Effect, simply put, is the phenomenon where a small change in the initial conditions may pile up over time, and in the end, create a massive effect. Just like a small snowball rolled downhill may gather more snow on the way and by the time it reaches the base, it turns huge! This forms the basis of a rather emerging field of science: “Chaos”. It is just what the name suggests – the study of highly complex systems that are sensitive to very slight changes, sometimes, even to the ones they themselves create!

Emergence of a New Science

What else would’ve been a better field for the emergence of Chaos than Meteorology, where even a small change in the wind speed may delay monsoon by days! The Butterfly Effect was discovered for the first time in 1961, in the laboratory of one such MIT Meteorologist, Edward Lorenz. Lorenz was more of a mathematics person than his colleagues. He had never been much interested in pure Meteorology, instead, he wanted to encapture the beauty of weather by mathematical formulas, which would allow Meteorologists like him to predict the weather not just days, but months, even years in advance!


Kinesiology – An Understanding of the Subject


Kinesiology refers to the study of human and non-human body functions, movements and performance through the application of anatomy, physiology, psychology, neuroscience and biomechanics. To expand the understanding of Kinesiology on a larger level, the science includes studies of body motion of humans and animals using motion tracking systems through various methods for monitoring physical, physiological, muscle and brain activities as well as behavioral and cognitive functions. Kinesiology finds various applications in human-health – e.g. physical education, rehabilitation, strength and conditioning processes, occupational therapies, biomechanics, orthopedics, sports industries and many others.

In recent years, Kinesiology is becoming increasingly associated with Applied Kinesiology, which is a rather controversial medical diagnostic process not fully aligned with the requirements of mainstream medicine. Many functions of Kinesiology are broadly referred under ‘complementary therapies’ further compounding the issue. However, Kinesiology is one of the fastest growing therapies and is vigorously practiced in over 100 countries around the world.

Kinesiology encompasses overall holistic health disciplines that understands an individual’s wellbeing based on the ‘art of muscle monitoring’. Its origins began in the 1970s when alternative medicines and treatment started

Effective Teaching Tips From Experienced Tutors


One of the problems that many parents today face when it comes to their kids’ studies, is the poor performance in their math subjects. Most of these kids claim that numbers are just naturally confusing, and they become even more so when lessons progress to algebra levels. Classroom learning, where too little leeway is provided if students fail to understand a new lesson, makes the subject even more difficult. There is typically not enough time for students to ask questions and the teachers are too busy to personally guide the ones who are struggling.

In other cases, they are simply in too much of a hurry to get the lessons over and done with. School dynamics are not likely to undergo reforms yet, which is why most parents entrust their children’s learning of math to tutorial centers.

These tutorial centers are the solution to a lot of students’ diminished morale thanks to their less than passable performance in school. With focused guidance, struggling students can learn what they missed or didn’t understand in the classroom. But it is not just helping the children with

Clay Is Actually Mud

The remains of a stone, thrown off a mountain, grinded smaller and smaller and smaller. Granulated, pulverised, powdered into dust until it settles as silt into the quiet arms of a river. For centuries people have been extracting it. We dig it up to wash and knead it and then…

Some 15000 years ago people discovered that fire could transfer clay into stone. And we are still doing that. We started out with bowls that could contain our food and the first figurines. Female figurines of course, for women give birth, give life.

Those first sculptures were hand formed, made without a wheel or a mold, everything was shaped by hand. When you visit an archaeological museum you may sometimes see those bowls, dating back several thousands of years, still containing the fingerprints of the maker. A man or woman just like you, with hands and fingers. Perhaps cursing because things didn’t work out the way he or she wanted or being proud and happy with the result of all this kneading and pushing and firing. It was garnished with twigs and strings and pinches and nudges in the clay. Balance and order the device of decoration, just like today.

It takes

Virtual Reality As Explanation For The “Observer Effect”

In physics, especially quantum physics, there exists the idea that the consciousness of an observer creates or at least influences external realities. Because physics is an established experimental science, one has to sit up and pay attention to the claims that this “Observer Effect” is in fact an established reality in its own right. Unfortunately, there are no known theoretical mechanisms than can account for this. But if this “Observer Effect” is so then it is strong evidence that we exist as virtual reality beings in a computer simulated landscape.


In both physics and in relatively New Age philosophy, there exists the idea (established in physics – waffled about in philosophy) that the consciousness of an observer creates or at least influences external realities. Because physics is an established experimental science, one has to sit up and pay attention to the claims that this “Observer Effect” is in fact an established reality in its own right. The two main experiments that support this “Observer Effect” are the Double-Slit Experiment where waves remain waves unless observed in which case waves turn into particles, and in the Quantum Zeno Effect where observations can inhibit the decay of radioactive

No Dark Matter: It’s Only Regular Matter

Dark matter, in a nutshell, is a theoretical force envisioned by scientists that would explain the behavior of galaxies that seem to be spinning fast enough for some of their stars to fly out of their orbits but do not. For galaxies to remain intact they would have to have a greater gravitational pull than their visible mass suggests. Scientists therefore theorized, as far back as the 1930s, that there must be some invisible matter — dark matter — that’s holding galaxies together.

The problem is that as hard as we try to detect dark matter we cannot. And despite other theories to explain galaxies’ behavior, their rapid spin remains a mystery.

I’d like to propose a new theory that might shed some light on all this. A study done several years ago showed that the universe’s energy is decreasing. What if gravity, too, has been getting weaker? Not necessarily in lockstep or conjunction with the universe’s energy, or, perhaps there is a connection. Regardless, a diminishing gravity scenario — where gravity has been steadily declining since the beginning of time — would explain what appears to be dark matter.


When we look into the sky we see objects as they were

Liquid Penetrant Testing to Detect Surface-Breaking Defects

Dye Penetrant inspection or liquid Penetrant inspection LPI is utilized on non permeable metal and non-metal segments to discover material discontinuities that are open to the surface and may not be obvious to ordinary visual review. The part should be spotless before the review. The essential reason for dye penetrant testing is to build the unmistakable complexity between a discontinuity and its environment. This is refined by applying a liquid of high infiltrating power that enters the surface opening of a discontinuity. Excess amount of Penetrant is discharged and an engineering material is then connected that draws the fluid from the suspected imperfection to uncover the discontinuity. The visual confirmation of the suspected imperfection can then be seen either by a shading contrast in typical obvious white light or by fluorescence under dark ultraviolet light.

The Penetrant technique does not rely on Ferro-magnetism similar to the magnetism molecule assessment, and the course of action of the discontinuities is not an element. The Penetrant strategy is successful in distinguishing surface imperfections in non attractive metals and in an assortment of nonmetallic materials. The strategy is additionally used to examine things produced using ferromagnetic steels and its affectability is by and large